What is a contested case hearing?
When a state agency has taken or could take some adverse action against you, you may be entitled to a contested case hearing to challenge the alleged facts on which that action is based. The agency, for example, may impose certain penalties for something it says you’ve done wrong, or deny your claim for benefits or stop sending you benefits for something it says you did or failed to do. The hearing is your opportunity to state why you disagree with the facts alleged and to present evidence through witnesses and documents that support your position. At the end of the hearing, the presiding officer (often an administrative law judge) or Board will issue a written decision, deciding whether to accept, modify or reject the agency's original action. See Iowa Code §§ 17A.2(5), 17A.10A-18A.